One of the oldest methods of timber construction is closely wild, hand-hewn with an ax. Wild frame (wild closely, hand-mec) - is peeled tree trunks. Ax and a plane is obstrugivanie logs. Each trunk has been cut down to be careful manual handling and grinding without additional mechanical interventions: vyrubyvayutsya slots elements interlocks with the other design elements of the structure. Wooden wall mounted on a prepared foundation which provides sufficient load-bearing capacity. The walls of the building poventsovo mounted horizontally stacked logs, each new series is called the crown. In the span between the logs stacked mezhventsovogo insulation (we use only natural materials - linen, jute, etc.)..
Generally log diameter range used in the manual cutting, to the walls is from 24 to 50 cm between adjacent crowns compounds timber carried in the groove shape is semicircle groove width crescent 12 cm to 25 cm, depending on the diameter of the logs.
Home of the wild-log built using green wood forest conifers, it is desirable to cut the winter (logging). Drying timber is directly in the wooden house. To ensure that the logs do not occur surface cracks (or have been significantly less) in the process of reducing the internal moisture of logs, our experts recommend to do along the entire length of the compensatory cuts (which have a depth of a few centimeters). Fabrication and installation of log house construction is carried out on the production site or carpentry teams, depending on the conditions at the facility.
The main advantage of the technology, "Canadian logging" ("Canadian bowl") - its unique samozaklinivayuscheesya lock connections - close contiguity to each other logs that form an extremely warm and durable gusset. In the process of drying the logs do not form gaps requiring further caulking or sealing special sealants. Build a wooden house from wild-log on a "Canadian Cup" is more time-consuming and costly process. But, as is often the case, "buying a thing once more, people end up saving."
The most common and accessible type of logging is a "Russian cup." Russian logging is different in that frame consists of rounded-hewn logs with a girth groove poluokrugloy form that allows the logs fit snugly together in the wall. The corners are formed by cutting out the bowl (half moon), and the remainder coming from the perimeter of the timber log house on 20 - 40 cm log structure made of this technology is the most stable. But the "Russian logging" is a well-known drawback: not too snug fit stacked logs - semicircles bowls, which, after drying out, becoming an oval shape, which contributes to the formation of cracks. Therefore, experts recommend after a year, after assembling a log house, to make re-sealing konopatku or chopped walls.
Log cabin home, it is advisable have a dwell at least one year prior to the finishing of internal and external works, installation of windows and doors. After the process of shrinkage produced additional work to seal cracks and joints - konopatka log cabins. Acquainted with the technology can see Servicing wooden houses (Section 6. Caulking, sanding). But there is a rapid methods of building wooden houses of hewn wood (wild-frame, hand-mec) - namely, by the arrangement of rock is the loosest - floating system for windows and doors, to get acquainted with the technology, you can see Servicing wooden houses (subsection 2. Construction of casing floating systems).
The main advantage of wild-log is that the treatment timber the protective upper layer is denser wood - sapwood, unlike technology logs. This technology is more labor costs, since manual processing of logs is very laborious occupation, but the result is worth it, because the house of the wild-log (hand tesa) are the most durable.
For sure, you will not stay indifferent at the sight of the splendor of carved wooden decorations. Decorate your home can wind carved boards and pricheliny, poles, wooden panels, three-dimensional shapes of domestic and wild animals of different characters. Can be as independent objects and elements of home designs (poles, bases and handrails, etc.).