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FRAME HOUSES

What is the frame house building technology?

Let consider better. On the finished foundation is assembly wooden skeleton of the house of vertical, horizontal, and diagonal beams of different sections, depending on the size of the structure and the supposed load. Then, frame lined with OSB plate on 10-12 mm as the stiffener. Walls are filled with 100-150 mm heating material, mineral or basalt wool, which serves both as a heater and as a soundproof material. The next step is to line the film by vapor-isolating and water-proof tape of internal and external walls. The next step is the final wall lining by different materials: wood lining, wooden imitation of log (false log), a semicircular block-house, getting complete appearance of the wooden house. If you select the material wood (imitation of log, lining, block-house), in this case, after that when walls are lined, is necessary final polishing of material and antiseptic processing in 3 layers (one layer of color-less protective antiseptic, 2 others in color). After the covering of the roof, you can start other types of work: installation of windows and doors, moldings, flooring, etc.

The advantages of this type of building include the following:
• High speed of building;
• High seismic resistance of building (about 9 points)
• Comparatively cheap building
• Frame houses are considered the warmest
• Possibility to move in after assembly

Framing, in construction, is the fitting together pieces to give a structure support and shape. Framing materials are usually wood, engineered wood, or structural steel. The alternative to framed construction is generally called mass wall construction, where horizontal layers of stacked materials such as log building, masonry, rammed earth, adobe, etc. are used without framing.

Building framing is divided into two broad categories,[2] heavy-frame construction (heavy framing) if the vertical supports are few and heavy such as in timber framing, pole building framing, or steel framing; or light-frame construction (light-framing) if the supports are more numerous and smaller, such as balloon, platform, or light-steel framing. Light-frame construction using standardised dimensional lumber has become the dominant construction method in North America and Australia due to the economy of the method; use of minimal structural material allows builders to enclose a large area at minimal cost while achieving a wide variety of architectural styles.

Modern light-frame structures usually gain strength from rigid panels (plywood and other plywood-like composites such as oriented strand board (OSB) used to form all or part of wall sections), but until recently carpenters employed various forms of diagonal bracing to stabiliSe walls. Diagonal bracing remains a vital interior part of many roof systems, and in-wall wind braces are required by building codes in many municipalities or by individual state laws in the United States. Special framed shear walls are becoming more common to help buildings meet the requirements of earthquake engineering and wind engineering.

Historically, people fitted naturally shaped wooden poles together as framework and then began using joints to connect the timbers, a method today called traditional timber framing' or log framing. In the United States, timber framing was superseded by balloon framing beginning in the 1830s. Balloon framing makes use of many lightweight wall members called studs rather than fewer, heavier supports called posts; balloon framing components are nailed together rather than fitted using joinery. The studs in a balloon frame extend two stories from sill to plate. Platform framing superseded balloon framing and is the standard wooden framing method today. The name comes from each floor level being framed as a separate unit or platform.

Framed construction was rarely used in Scandinavia before the 20th century because of the abundant availability of wood, an abundance of cheap labour, and the superiority of the thermal insulation of logs; hence timber framing did not take off there first for unheated buildings such as farm buildings, outbuildings and summer villas, and for houses until the development of wall insulation.